Museum of Vojvodina, Novi Sad
DVA SRPSKA SREBRNA PRILOGA IZ XIX VEKA
U CRKVI SVETOG SPIRIDONA NA KRFU
TWO 19TH-CENTURY SILVER VOTIVE GIFTS DONATED BY SERBIAN
DONORS IN THE CHURCH OF SAINT SPYRIDON ON CORFU
Journal 11/2015 (Museum of Applied Art), pages 54-60
Article category: professional paper
27-36 Свети Спиридон
Abstract (original language):
Rad predstavlja segment opsežnijeg istraživanja kulta Svetog Spiridona kod Srba, sa ciljem da skrene pažnju na puteve širenja i poštovanja kulta ovog svetitelja kod pripadnika srpskog građanstva XIX veka koji žive u Trstu, a skupocenim darovima se upisuju u priložnike crkve Sv. Spiridona na Krfu. Zasnovan na terenskim istraživanjima i na proučavanju dostupne arhivske građe, rad otkriva dva reprezentativna srebrna predmeta – kandilo i dijademu, izrađene u duhu stilskih tendencija evropske primenjene umetnosti XIX veka. Pored poštovanja ovog svetitelja u tradicionalnoj, narodnoj kulturi, prisustvo darova srpskih priložnika u crkvi Sv. Spiridona na Krfu potvrda je postojanja kulta ovog svetitelja u redovima imućne tršćanske srpske buržoazije.
Key words: (original language)
Marija Kovačević, srebrni prilozi, Trst, Hristofor Tuzlić, crkva Sv. Spiridona na Krfu
In the town of Corfu there is a church dedicated to St Spyridon of Tremithus, built in 1590. It keeps the relics of one of the ancient saints of the Christian church – St Spyridon the miracle worker, the Bishop of Tremithus and the patron of the island and town of Corfu. The Church of St Spyridon abounds in valuable liturgical objects. The most numerous among them are vigil lamps donated by Greek, Venetian and Russian donors. Items donated by two Serbian donors can also be found among the works of applied art in the Church of St Spyridon.
The first votive gift is the silver vigil lamp donated by the Trieste merchant Hristofor Tuzlić in 1862. The second item is a silver diadem, donated by Marija Kovačević of Trieste. The diadem was made between 1874 and 1883 in the form of a flower garland; it is used on festal occasions, when it is placed as a decoration upon the reliquary which contains the relics of the saint. It may be observed that the items donated by Serbian donors conform to the stylistic tendencies of the European applied art of the 19th century. Having in mind that both Hristofor Tuzlić and Marija Kovačević were citizens of Trieste, we may assume that both votive gifts originated in some of the goldsmith's workshops of Trieste. The votive gifts made to the church of St Spyridon on Corfu by the mentioned Serbian donors were an expression of personal piety and the veneration of St. Spyridon. Nevertheless, they confirm of the presence of the veneration of the saint among of the wealthy Serbian bourgeoisie in Trieste.
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